Analysing Influential Factors in University Selection Using Fuzzy TOPSIS

Analysing Influential Factors in University Selection Using Fuzzy TOPSIS


  • Nurul Athilah Azaman Universiti Teknologi MARA, Cawangan Perlis
  • Jasmani Bidin Universiti Teknologi MARA, Cawangan Perlis
  • Noorzila Sharif Universiti Teknologi MARA Cawangan Perlis, Kampus Arau
  • Ku Azlina Ku Akil Universiti Teknologi MARA, Cawangan Perlis



Fuzzy TOPSIS, rank, university selection, topsis


Students must carefully choose their university because it will affect their motivation for studying, dedication, and engagement with the university. Normally, students will consider some factors that influence their choice of the university. Therefore, this study aims to determine the most important factor that influences students' choice of university. The study also analyses the preferable university either IPTA or IPTS. Besides, the study is conducted to rank the six variables: the influence of family, the influence of friends, the university’s image, the university’s environment, suitability with personality and interest, and financial support. The data was collected by distributing questionnaires to 30 experts which are teachers and counsellors. They are required to evaluate the issues in this study using linguistic variables ranging from "unaffected" to "very affected". The data was analysed using Fuzzy TOPSIS. The finding shows that the most influential factor in deciding the university selection is the suitability with personality and interest with a closeness coefficient of 0.4869. The influence of friends is the least important in university selection with a closeness coefficient of 0.4713. This study’s findings might benefit communities such as students, parents, and teachers. Universities may also benefit from it because they need to attract more students to expand their market.


Download data is not yet available.


Afaq Ahmed, K., Sharif, N., & Ahmad, N. (2017). Factors Influencing Students’ Career Choices: Empirical Evidence from Business Students. Journal of Southeast Asian Research, 2017, 1–15.

Afzal Humayon, A., Raza, S., Aamir Khan, R., & ul ain Ansari, N. (2018). Effect of Family Influence, Personal Interest and Economic Considerations on Career Choice amongst Undergraduate Students in Higher Educational Institutions of Vehari, Pakistan. International Journal of Organizational Leadership, 7(2), 129–142.

Bibi Noraini, M. Y., Qabbir M., M. G., & Muhammad Fazlee Sham, A. (2017). Factors Influencing Local and International Students Decision in Choosing Public Higher Learning Institutions in Northern Region of Malaysia. International Journal of Social Sciences, 48(1), 29–41.afzal

Hieu, V. M., Xuyen, N. T. M., & Hung, D. D. P. (2020). Factors influencing to the university choice of high-schools pupils - An empirical study of Lam Dong Province, Vietnam. Journal of Critical Reviews, 7(8), 1656–1665.

Jabjaimoh, P., Samart, K., Jansakul, N., & Jibenja, N. (2019). Optimization for better world university rank. Journal of Scientometric Research, 8(1), 18–20.

Jusoh @ Hussain, N., Muhamad, S. N. N., Mohd Jafrri, N. J. L., Wan Shahidan, W. N., Muhammat Pazil, N. S., & Abd Samad, K. (2021). Fuzzy TOPSIS Approach for Ranking Flood Factors in Kedah. International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences, 11(4), 1320–1328.

Muhammat Pazil, N. S., Mahmud, N., Jamaluddin, S. H., & Shakiren, S. S. (2018). Application of Fuzzy Topsis in Selecting the Major Factor Influencing Malaysians’ Choice of University (IPTA or IPTS). Journal of Computing Research and Innovation, 3(2), 10–16.

Muhsin, Martono, S., Nurkhin, A., Pramusinto, H., Afsari, N., & Arham, A. F. (2020). The relationship of good university governance and student satisfaction. International Journal of Higher Education, 19(1), 1–10.

Muttaqien, F. (2021). Jurnal Terapan Manajemen dan Bisnis Jurnal Terapan Manajemen dan Bisnis Volume 7 Number 1 March 2021 . Page 24-42. 7(1), 24–42.

Nâdâban, S., Dzitac, S., & Dzitac, I. (2016). Fuzzy TOPSIS: A General View. Procedia Computer Science, 91(Itqm), 823–831.

Sodhi, B., & Tadinada., P. (2012). A Simplified Description of Fuzzy TOPSIS. 1–4.

Wang, M. Te, Kiuru, N., Degol, J. L., & Salmela-Aro, K. (2018). Friends, academic achievement, and school engagement during adolescence: A social network approach to peer influence and selection effects. Learning and Instruction, 58(June), 148–160.




How to Cite

Nurul Athilah Azaman, Jasmani Bidin, Sharif, N., & Ku Azlina Ku Akil. (2023). Analysing Influential Factors in University Selection Using Fuzzy TOPSIS. Journal of Computing Research and Innovation, 8(2), 45–54.



General Computing